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趣味俚語之關于“顏色”的俚語

   日期:2022-06-01     瀏覽:243    
核心提示:Add colour to the English language by using these wonderful idioms! Keep your fellow students guessing by using a new id
 Add colour to the English language by using these wonderful idioms! Keep your fellow students guessing by using a new idiom each day!
用這些精彩的成語為英語增添色彩!每天用一個新的成語讓你的同學們猜一猜!

 

 

Below is a list of idiomatic expressions related to colour:
下面是與顏色相關的慣用表達列表:

 

 

colour idioms with meanings
含有顏色的俚語意思:

 

 

BLACK IDIOMS
黑色習語

 

 

1. Black and white
1.非黑即白的

 

 

To take everything into consideration and oversimplify something. To judge everything as either one way or the other, good or bad.
考慮問題的方式,非黑即白的,絕對化的。

 

 

Our boss always thinks that everything is straightforward, but he doesn’t realise that this whole situation is not as black and white as he thinks!
老板想問題總是太簡單。他根本意識不到情況并非向他想的那樣非黑即白!

 

 

2. Put something down in black and white
2.白紙黑字

 

 

To write or have something written down on paper for confirmation or evidence
把某物寫在紙上以作確認或證明

 

 

I don’t understand why you don’t believe me! Look, it’s written here in black and white!
白紙黑字擺在這,你為什么就是不信我!

 

 

3. Black as night
3.漆黑一片

 

 

Somewhere very dark, when it is hard to see anything
漆黑一片,伸手不見五指

 

 

We had another power cut last night; it was as black as night in our house. We didn’t even have any candles!
昨晚我們又停電了,房子里一片漆黑。我們連蠟燭都沒有!

 

 

4. Black and blue
4.鼻青臉腫

 

 

Used to describe something that is badly bruised
皮膚被打的青一塊紫一塊

 

 

John’s face was black and blue after the boxing match.
約翰在拳擊比賽后臉色青一塊紫一塊。

 

 

5. Black eye
5.黑眼圈

 

 

A bruise near one’s eye
眼睛附近的瘀傷

 

 

Fred came home with a horrible black eye today, but he won’t tell us what happened!
弗雷德青著眼睛回家,卻怎么也不告訴我們到底發生了什么!

 

 

6. Black out
6.熄滅,暈厥

 

 

This means to, either darken by putting out or dimming the lights, or to lose consciousness.
這意味著,要么通過熄滅或調暗燈光來變暗,要么失去意識。

 

 

We had a huge black out here last night, the whole town was out of power for about 7 hours!
昨晚我們這里停電了,整個鎮子停電了大約7個小時!

 

 

I don’t know what happened to him, he just blacked out! Maybe he banged his head.
我不知道他出了什么事,他昏過去了!也許他撞到了頭。

 

 

7. Black as a skillet
7.黑如煮鍋

 

 

Used to describe something that is very dirty, black with dirt
用來描述某物極臟,混著泥土

 

 

My hands and clothes were as black as a skillet, and I was only halfway through cleaning your garage!
車庫才打掃一半,我的衣服上、手上就全是泥土了。

 

 

8. Black market
8.黑市交易

 

 

A term used for places where goods are illegally bought and sold for a profit.
指為牟利而非法買賣貨物的地方。

 

 

Jerry used to sell cigarettes from South America on the black market!
杰瑞以前在黑市上賣南美的香煙!

 

 

9. Blackball someone
9.反對某人

 

 

To exclude or ostracise someone socially, reject them
排斥或排斥某人,拒絕他們

 

 

Their company has been blackballed ever since that scandal was all over the newspapers. No one wants to do business with them anymore.
自從那件丑聞傳遍各大報紙以來,他們的公司就一直遭到拒絕。沒有人想再和他們做生意了。

 

 

10. Blacklist someone
10.將某人列入黑名單

 

 

To write someone’s name on a list if they break any rules, and ban them from having the opportunity to take part again
如果某人違反了任何規則,就把他的名字寫在名單上,并禁止他有機會再次參加

 

 

“I was in a lot of debt a while ago, and was unable to pay it all back, so I’ve been blacklisted. I’m not allowed to get a mortgage in my own name.
“之前我負債累累,無法償還所有的欠款,因此被列入了黑名單。從此之后,再也不能申請貸款了。”

 

 

11. Pot calling the kettle black (shorten version: pot kettle black)
11.五十步笑百步

 

 

This is used when the person who hypocritically criticises or accuses someone else is as guilty as the person he or she criticises or accuses
當偽善地批評或指責他人的人與他或她批評或指責的人一樣有罪時,就使用這種方法。

 

 

She kept telling me that I shouldn’t do that, but that’s like the pot calling the kettle black, as she does it herself too!
她滔滔不絕地告訴我不該那么做,可她自己還是老樣子,真是五十步笑百步!

 

 

12. Blackmail someone
12.敲詐某人

 

 

To extort or take money from someone by using their secrets against them and threatening to reveal it to others
利用某人的秘密向他敲詐或索取錢財,并威脅將其泄露給他人

 

 

He has been blackmailing me for months with some photos that I didn’t know he had. I need someone to help me stop him!
數月來,他一直用這些照片對我敲詐勒索。

 

 

13. In someone’s black books
13.列入黑明冊

 

 

To be in disgrace or in disfavour with someone
很不討人喜歡或不受歡迎

 

 

After that argument yesterday, I assure you he will be in a lot of people’s black books for quite some time!
昨晚那場爭執,估計你得罪了不少人!

 

 

14. Black tie event/affair
14.需穿正裝出席的場合

 

 

A formal event where male guests wear black bow ties with tuxedos or dinner jackets
男性須著黑領結晚禮服的正式場合

 

 

The award’s ceremony will be a black tie event, so I’ll have to buy a smart suit. My wife is going to wear her purple ball gown.
頒獎典禮需穿正裝,因此我得買套時髦的衣服。妻子打算穿那件紫色舞袍。

 

 

15. Black sheep
15.害群之馬

 

 

Used to describe a person who is the ‘odd one out’ of a group, and doesn’t fit in with others around them. This could also be used to talk about someone who is a disgrace or embarrassment to their group.
用來描述家族或集體的敗類

 

 

I have always been the black sheep in my family, I have a completely different personality to all of them, and we don’t even look the same!
我一直是家里的敗家子,性格與他們完全不同,就連長相也不怎么一樣!

 

 

16. In the black
16.盈利

 

 

Meaning successful or profitable
獲得成功或有盈余

 

 

Their company has been in the black ever since the new CEO took over, and changed it all around!
新總裁上任后,這家公司常年贏利,有了很大改觀。

 

 

17. Pitch black
17.漆黑一片

 

 

Another term for somewhere that is very dark, and you are unable to see anything
描述某地漆黑一片,伸手不見五指。

 

 

I was afraid to go downstairs, the whole house was pitch black, and very quiet.
房子里漆黑靜寂,我不敢下樓。

 

 

BLUE IDIOMS
藍色習語

 

 

18. Out of the blue
18.出乎意料

 

 

To appear out of nowhere without any warning, to happen quite suddenly or randomly by surprise
沒有任何征兆的出現,突然發生

 

 

You won’t believe it but Sarah called me out of the blue yesterday, and told me she’s coming to visit! How unexpected!
你不會相信昨天薩拉昨天突然給我打電話了,她說她回來拜訪!多不可思議!

 

 

Greg has decided to quit his job out of the blue, and go travelling for a year!
格雷格突然辭了工作,外出旅行了!

 

 

19. Blue pencil
19.藍鉛筆

 

 

To censor something, or limit the information that is shared
對分享的內容審查或刪節

 

 

The reports about how soldiers were being treated abroad had been blue-pencilled by the authorities.
當局對士兵在國外所受待遇的報告進行了審查。

 

 

20. A blue-eyed boy
20.寵兒,紅人

 

 

A critical description of a boy or young man who is always picked for special favours by someone in a position of higher authority.
(貶義)出于一些原因,特別受上級中意的孩子或年輕男子

 

 

He is such a blue-eyed boy! I don’t like that the manager always treats him as if he is special, it is not fair on the rest of us!
他可真是個寵兒!經理總對他搞特殊,一點也不公平,真讓人討厭!

 

 

21. A bolt from the blue
21.晴天霹靂

 

 

When some unexpected bad news is received
壞消息不期而至

 

 

It was a complete bolt from the blue for us, we had no idea that they were having problems, let alone getting divorced!
我們完全沒想到他倆有問題,更不用說離婚了,這真是個晴天霹靂!

 

 

22. Blue blood
22.貴族血統

 

 

Used to describe someone from a noble, aristocratic or wealthy family
描述某人出身高貴,家庭富裕

 

 

Many of the blue bloods in our town were invited to the royal wedding.
鎮上的貴族都收到了皇室婚禮的邀請。

 

 

23. Blue ribbon
23.藍綬帶

 

 

To be of superior quality or distinction, the best of a group
品質最佳或最高榮譽,最優秀的群體

 

 

A blue ribbon panel of experts were invited to investigate the extraordinary remains.
權威專家小組受邀調查這些不尋常的遺體。

 

 

24. Talk a blue streak
24.滔滔不絕地講話

 

 

When someone talks very much and very rapidly
某人話多,語速還快

 

 

The woman in the hospital bed next to me talked a blue streak all day. I don’t where she got the energy from!
臨床那位女士整日滔滔不絕連珠炮似地跟我講話。

 

 

25. Feel blue
25.情緒低落

 

 

When someone looks or feels depressed or discontented
描述某人情緒不佳或不滿意

 

 

What’s that the matter with you today? You seem really blue. Is there something you’d like to talk about?
你看起來不太開心呀,怎么了?愿意跟我聊聊嗎?

 

 

26. Blue in the face
26.筋疲力盡

 

 

To try really hard to win someone’s agreement, but usually end unsuccessfully
努力勸說某人,但往往無勞而返

 

 

I kept trying to convince him that it was a good idea until I was blue in the face, but he’s so stubborn, he just kept disagreeing with me!
我不停告訴他這是個好主意,可是直到我說的面紅耳赤,他還是固執己見,不聽我的!

 

 

27. once in a blue moon
27.千載難逢

 

 

To occur extremely rarely, or only once in a lifetime
極少發生或一輩子才能遇見一次的事

 

 

My sister is working in Africa, she hardly ever has the time to call us. My parents only hear from her once in a blue moon.
姐姐在非洲工作,幾乎沒時間聯系我們。父母也很少接到她的電話。

 

 

28. Men/boys in blue
28.警察

 

 

Used to describe the police, because of the colour of their uniforms
由于警服是藍色的,因此用此代指警察

 

 

I saw the boys in blue outside our neighbour’s house last night. I hope everything is okay.
昨天在鄰居家門口看見警察了,希望沒出什么事。

 

 

29. Blue collar
29.藍領

 

 

Used to describe men used as labourers, or factory workers
從事勞動工作的雇員或工人

 

 

The got rid of a lot of the blue-collar workers during the recession. I would say they definitely suffered the most.
大蕭條期間,他們解雇了大批工人。

 

 

BROWN IDIOMS
棕色習語

 

 

30. Browned off
30.厭煩

 

 

To be bored or annoyed with someone or something
對某人或某物感到厭煩或惱火

 

 

I’m always browned off when he comes to visit. He doesn’t like doing anything, and he hardly ever talks to anyone!
他來拜訪時,我總是感到厭煩。他不喜歡做任何事,而且幾乎不跟任何人說話!

 

 

31.( as ) brown as a berry
31.黝黑的

 

The sunbed make me as brown as a berry.

日光浴把我曬得黝黑。

 

32.a brown study
32.沉思、遐想

 

I didn’t speak to him as he seemed to be in a brown study.

我沒有跟他說話,他好像在沉思。

 

GREEN IDIOMS
綠色習語

 

 

33. To be green
33.新手

 

 

Used to describe someone who is immature, or inexperienced
用來形容不成熟或缺乏經驗的人

 

 

He can be rather green sometimes. I don’t think he’s ready to be promoted to a higher position yet.
他有時會顯得經驗不足。我認為他還沒有準備好升職。

 

 

34. Green with envy
34.嫉妒某人

 

 

Used to describe someone who is extremely jealous, full of envy
用來形容一個有嫉妒心,充滿嫉妒的人

 

 

When we were children, my older brother always used to get green with envy if my dad bought something for me and not for him.
當我們還是孩子的時候,我哥哥總是嫉妒我爸爸為我而不是為他買東西。

 

 

35. Give someone the green light / get the green light
35.給某人開綠燈

 

 

When someone receives, or is given, permission to go ahead with something
當某人收到或被給予繼續做某事的許可時

 

 

We have been given the green the light by the Marketing Executive to go ahead with the new advertising campaign.
營銷主管給我們開了綠燈,讓我們繼續開展新的廣告活動。

 

 

36. Grass is always greener on the other side
36.這邊山望那邊青

 

 

Used to describe a place that is far away, and better than, where you are now, or another person’s situation that is very different from your own
用來描述一個離你很遠,而且比你現在所在的地方更好的地方,或者一個人的情況與你自己的情況大不相同。

 

 

He realised that the grass is always greener on the other side when he saw that his new job wasn’t perfect, and had its own problems too.
當他看到自己的新工作并不完美,而且也有自己的問題時,他意識到這邊山望那邊高。

 

 

37. Green belt
37.綠化帶

 

 

An area of fields and trees around a town
城鎮周圍的一片田野和樹木

 

 

Our city has a policy of increasing the green belt around it.
我們的城市有一項增加周邊綠化帶的政策。

 

 

38. Green thumb/green finger
38.有園藝天賦

 

 

Used to describe someone with a talent for gardening, having the ability to make plants grow
用來形容一個有園藝天賦,有使植物生長的能力的人

 

 

This garden used to look so beautiful when my mum lived here. She definitely had a green thumb. I wish I did too!
當我媽媽住在這里的時候,這個花園曾經看起來很漂亮。她有園藝天賦。我也希望如此!

 

 

GREY IDIOMS
灰色習語

 

 

39. A grey area
39.灰色地帶

 

 

Something that is not clearly defined, and there is still debate as to whether it is ‘black or white’, neither one way or another
沒有明確確定的范圍

 

 

Some of the current rules surrounding bedroom tax in the UK seem to be in a grey area, as many residents disagree with its determining factors.
英國目前有關臥室稅的一些規定似乎處于灰色地帶,因為許多居民不同意其決定因素。

 

 

GOLD IDIOMS
金色習語

 

 

40. A golden opportunity
40.一個寶貴機會

 

 

An opportunity that may never present itself again
可能再也不會出現的機會

 

 

Think carefully about what you’re going to do, this is a golden opportunity, and you don’t want to mess it up!
仔細考慮你將要做什么,這是一個寶貴的機會,你不想把它搞砸!

 

 

41. A golden handshake
41.解雇金

 

 

A large sum of money that is paid to a retiring manager or director, or to a redundant worker
付給退休的經理或董事或多余的工人的一大筆錢

 

 

The company Chairman received a huge golden handshake when he retired.
公司董事長退休后得到了一筆巨大的退休金。

 

 

42. Golden boy
42.很受歡迎的人

 

 

The term given to a young man idolised for a great skill, usually in sport.
一個年輕人因技藝高超而受到崇拜的術語,通常指體育運動。

 

 

By many of his fans, Wayne Rooney is seen as the golden boy of his football team.
許多球迷都認為魯尼是他足球隊的金童。

 

 

PINK IDIOMS
粉色習語

 

 

43. Tickled pink
43.很滿意

 

 

To be very pleased, thrilled or delighted about something
對某事感到高興、興奮或高興

 

 

Anna was tickled pink that her fiancé had made such an effort for her birthday.
安娜的未婚夫為她的生日做出了如此大的努力,這使她十分高興。

 

 

44. See pink elephants
44.天方夜譚之事

 

 

When someone sees things that are not really there, because they are in their imagination
由于想象,某人看到不真實的事物

 

 

Anyone who hears his story thinks he sees pink elephants. It’s just such a far-fetched story, and very hard to believe.
任何人聽到他這套說辭,都會覺得他喝醉了。這個說法太牽強了,很難令人相信。

 

 

45. Pink Slip
45.解雇通知書

 

 

A termination notice received from a job
終止合約的書面通知

 

 

They gave me my pink slip last week, so I’ve got to find a new job now.
上周,我接到了解雇通知書,現在不得不找份新工作了。

 

 

59. In the pink of something

 

 

Meaning in very good health
表示身體狀況良好

 

 

My grandmother looked ever so well when I saw her, she was in the pink of condition.
祖母得到了很好的照顧,看上去身體不錯。
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